Jojoba plants (Simmondsia chinensis) belongs to family Simmondsiaceae which is mostly a woody, evergreen, perennial shrub that produce small seeds, which contains waxy liquid very similar to spermaceti.
Jojoba plants native to the Sonoran Desert of Arizona, Northern Mexico and arid California.
The gender of jojoba plants can only be discerned from their flowers. When planted from seeds, jojoba plants can take up to three years to produce flowers. The female plants produce seed from flowers the male plants pollinate.
For that we use rooted cuttings to produce female trees to improve the ratio of female to male plants (normally 50:50 in seeded fields), eliminating the expense of removing male plants.
The use of cuttings also improved the growth rate of the female plants, which no longer needed to compete with faster growing male plants for nutrients and water.